Paying off debt is hard for anyone. It’s always on your mind until it’s gone and wiped clean. Debt hovers over you like a dark cloud just waiting to storm. Those clouds seem to be even darker when you have a low income. Without the necessary funds to pay down debt quickly, it can feel like an eternity working off debt.
When you have a small income, it feels like climbing Mt. Everest is easier than getting out of debt. I know because I’ve been there myself, and while paying off debt with a low income isn’t the easiest thing in the world, it’s still very possible. These steps will help you make a plan to pay off your bills sooner than later.
Our annual household income is around $35,000 and we have a family of four, we use the tips below on a monthly basis to keep us on track with paying off our own debt.
Keep a Positive Attitude
Above anything else, you need to keep a positive attitude. Looking at life optimistically can truly mean the difference between getting out of debt and remaining in debt.
Think how hard you’ve tried to accomplish something in your life. Maybe it was being able to bench press 150 pounds, getting a promotion at work, or starting a family. It doesn’t necessarily matter why you moved mountains to accomplish a goal, you did it because you believed in yourself.
Whether you lost motivation from your New Year’s Resolution to pay off debt or you’re just now deciding that being in debt isn’t fun and you want out, never forget to believe in yourself.
Track Your Spending
Are you ready to hear the secret about how to get out of debt and stay out of debt?
Spend less than you earn each month.
Knowing how you spend your money each month is the first step. There are a few different ways you can track your spending:
- Write down each expense with pen and paper
- Use the free budgeting app like Personal Capital to track your income and expenses
- Pay for a budgeting app like You Need a Budget when you need help making a plan
This exercise feels tedious at first, but it’s essential when you’re serious about getting out of debt. You need to have a good idea of knowing how much you spend on the following categories:
- Rent and Utilities
- Current minimum monthly loan payments
- Groceries and Restaurant dining
- Commuting costs
- Entertainment including cable tv and going out with friends
Your goal is to have fewer expenses than income. Assuming you bring home $3000, your expenses need to be $2999 or less to make more than you earn. If you’re not there yet, look at where you can reduce your spending to avoid living paycheck to paycheck.
You might consider downgrading to a cheaper phone plan or cable tv subscription or packing your lunch instead of going out to eat with the guys or using Trim Financial Manager (it’s free!) to renegotiate or cancel your monthly subscriptions so you pay less each month.
Cutting your spending is the easiest way to get an instant pay raise!
As you can only cut your expenses so far, making more money in your free time is another way to earn more than you spend. Here are 101 ways to make extra money to get out of debt.
At the end of each month, continue comparing your spending to your income to make sure you’re still on track.
Set Aside $1,000 for Emergencies
After you know how much you currently earn and spend in a typical month, you now know how much extra money you have each month. While you could set this money aside to pay for a Hawaiian vacation, it’s better to focus on building an emergency fund first and then focusing on getting out of debt.
Why shouldn’t you skip the emergency fund and pour all your extra dollars into debt payments?
Because 40% of Americans can’t afford a surprise $1,000 expense.
If you don’t have at least $1,000 set aside to cover life’s surprises, use your extra monthly income for this first. I’d hate to see your debt repayment progress undone because you need to borrow $1,000 to pay a bill because you didn’t have enough in savings to cover it.
Continue making the minimum monthly payment on your current loans and use your extra income to build a $1,000 emergency fund. I suggest keeping your money in a high-yield online bank account that you don’t pay your bills with so you remove the temptation of pulling from your emergency fund to pay for life’s non-financial emergencies.
Also, consider stuff you no longer need to raise the cash quickly. Maybe, you can sell an extra vehicle or boat that you don’t really need and depreciates in value each day. And, it can be an easy way to lower your monthly insurance premium besides getting some extra cash in your wallet and paying off a loan if you’re still making payments on it.
Make a Debt Repayment Plan
This is when the fun begins! You have $1,000 is a separate “no touch” account to hedge against life’s unexpected surprises so you can plug away at your debt payments uninterrupted.
You’ll need to choose the option that works best for you, but the two best debt repayment plans are the debt snowball and debt avalanche. Either choice is excellent, but you might prefer the debt snowball where you pay your smallest loan balance first to score regular emotional victories that make it easier to maintain your positive, “can-do” attitude.
How to Start a Debt Snowball
Here are the three simple steps to start your very own debt snowball:
- List your debts in order from the smallest to largest balance
- If two balances are the same amount, prioritize the one with the highest interest rate first
- Make extra monthly payments on the smallest debt balance first
Put any extra money each month to the smallest loan balance with the highest interest rate. Continue making the minimum monthly payment on your other loans so you don’t incur any late charges. After your first loan is paid in full, give yourself a high five and focus on the next smallest balance.
To supercharge your debt payoff plan, combine the money you spent on your old monthly payment plus your extra disposable income for each consecutive loan. You’re already in the habit of setting aside the money for a monthly payment so why stop now?
You might only be able to contribute an extra $100 now, but as you pay off your smaller loans that extra monthly payment will “snowball” into a $500 additional payment in time.
Once all your loans are paid off, imagine what you can do with all the extra money that used to make a monthly payment. For some motivation, we’ll have an extra $1,000 a month when we finally pay off our mortgage; that’s an instant $12,000 increase to our disposable income for the year!
Continue to Live Within Your Means
How soon you’ll repay your loans depends on several factors:
- Total amount owed
- The interest rate for each loan
- The size of your extra payment
- Are you still borrowing money?
Cutting spending and increasing your income are two methods of having extra money each month to repay your loans, but you also need to stop borrowing. Others you’ll only continue to “break even” and never escape the debt cycle.
If you anticipate having to borrow money while you’re still paying off your existing debt, reduce the size of your extra payment and set aside the difference until you have enough to pay for the purchase with cash instead of credit.
It can take some mental adjustments as you change your focus to getting out of debt instead of continually having to make a monthly payment, but the reward is well worth the effort.